vRealize Orchestrator – connecting to more than one domain using the Active Directory plugin

  1. The vRealize Orchestrator plugin only supports connecting to one active directory domain so what happens if you want to connect to more than one domain to create a user or an organizational unit? Well, it is possible to refocus the active directory plugin on the fly to do just that but you need to consider how this will work in your environment and design your AD workflows appropriately.

    Firstly, lets take a look at the vRO Active Directory plugin ‘Configure Active Directory server’ workflow that configures the plugin to connect to a domain.

    Screen Shot 2015-03-08 at 14.21.03

    When you run the workflow to add a domain, you are presented with the following form:

    Screen Shot 2015-03-08 at 14.23.08

    Now you can relate these presentation inputs to what is going on inside the workflow. So the first scripting element in the workflow determines whether you are using SSL and the second workflow element imports the certificate if you are.

    The reason why I mention this is that if you are using SSL for LDAP connectivity, it’s worth importing all your domain SSL certificates into vRO so vRO can use a valid certificate if you are to refocus the plugin to connect to a domain over SSL.

    Now if we take a look at the ‘Update configuration’ scripting element, you can see the following code:

    
    var configuration = new AD_ServerConfiguration();
    configuration.host = host;
    configuration.port = port;
    configuration.ldapBase = ldapBase;
    configuration.useSSL = useSSL;
    configuration.defaultDomain = defaultDomain;
    configuration.useSharedSession = useSharedSession;
    configuration.sharedUserName = sharedUserName;
    configuration.sharedUserPassword = sharedUserPassword;
    
    ConfigurationManager.validateConfiguration(configuration);
    ConfigurationManager.updateConfiguration(configuration);
    
    

    So what you can do is run this specific block of code to connect to another domain each and every time time you want to do domain operations in a specific domain in a multi-domain environment. It’s best to use a configuration element to store your domain information and by using some logic, you can determine what domain you want to use and then use the values in your configuration element to populate the required domain configuration values in the block of code above.

    However, there is one absolute key thing here to implement and that is design your workflow using the LockingSystem scripting class. Any workflow that needs to configure active directory objects will need to run the block of code that refocuses the domain connection to use, then run a workflow to create, update, read, delete AD objects. So you need to let workflow operation finish first before allowing another workflow change the focus of the domain that you are connecting to. You can do this using the LockingSystem scripting class, example as follows:

    Screen Shot 2015-03-08 at 14.39.09

    So the set lock would look like this:

    
    LockingSystem.lockAndWait("AdOperationLock", workflow.id);
    
    

    Then once the lock is set, the refocus domain code runs and you can change to a different domain,  then run an AD operation, then remove the lock. So the remove lock would look like this:

    
    LockingSystem.unlock("AdOperationLock", workflow.id);
    
    

    You can have multiple workflows using this locking system, as long as the lock you use is called the same, in other words “AdOperationLock” in the example above.

    Also, you could use an action item to lock and refocus the domain connection and use the action item for any workflows you are calling that run AD operations, making the locking and refocus aspects modularized. Remember to unlock the lock and to use the same lockid name, for example “AdOperationLock”.

    There are limitations with this as you can only ever run one workflow to read / configure / delete active directory objects at any one time as you can’t have refocusing happen when existing AD operation workflows are running. However, most of the time active directory updates are generally small operations and the workflows should run pretty quick. Therefore, if you do have a lot of AD operations, the likelihood is that you should only have a few seconds to wait until your workflow in waiting runs – workflows check every 2 seconds to see if the lock it has has been released in the vRA database, so the length of time the workflow in waiting will have to wait before it runs will be 2 seconds max plus the length of time the current workflow execution time is. However this is something you need to consider in your environment.

    There are other solutions in a multi-domain environment, for example using PowerShell scripts, but if you can keep it all in vRO, you can keep all the code in one place, and create modular workflow elements for AD operations, then it’s one less programming language and dependancy to manage in vRO.

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